Wallingford and Jarlov Genealogy
The Jarlov Family in Matawai
Written by Nick Wallingford
15 September 2015
AXEL BEFORE EVA
Axel Andersen (later to be changed to Jarlov) arrived in NZ on the S.S. Monowai on 12 April 1905. His younger brother Holger arrived on 21 February 1909. It was sometime between 1906 and 1909 that the family name changed from Andersen to Jarløv (though the struck through o has never been used by any of the family). Hans Christian Andersen, Axel's father, was a schoolteacher and an eager researcher in languages. Some of his research resulted in him being allowed to take the name 'Jarløv' (it related to the historical pronunciation of his home town of Errindlev).
The brothers settled in the Matamau area, north of Dannevirke. Axel applied for, and received, naturalisation. As Holger had not been in the country long enough, his application was somewhat delayed.
Axel's naturalisation application
Holger's naturalisation application
AXEL AND EVA MARRY AND MOVE TO MATAWAI
Axel and Eva's intention to marry
After marrying on 11 September 1911 at Umutaoroa, Axel and Eva (nee Larsen) Andersen Jarlov lived the first three years of their married life in the area north of Dannevirke. Eva had lived with her parents, Charles (Carl) and Johanna (nee Nielsen) Larsen in Umutaoroa since about 1900. She had, altogether, 11 brothers and sister, all but 1 of whom survived to adulthood.
In that time that Axel and Eva lived near Dannevirke, they had their first two children, both girls: Evelyn (born 31 August 1912) and Rita Andersen Jarlov (born 30 September 1913).
Rita's birth certificate
Midway through the following year, 9 June 2014, Axel and Eva boarded the steamer Warrimoo in Napier, bound for Gisborne. There is no mention of the two children, though other passengers are recorded as having children. It could be that they would both be considered 'infants' - both girls would be under 2 years old - and so not mentioned, or there is the possibility they were left with Eva's family in Dannevirke.
PapersPast showing Jarlovs going to Gisborne
The move to Matawai (more specifically, to Motuhora, just a few kilometres further on toward the town of Motu) would have been for the sawmilling and timber opportunities. The land inland from Gisborne had been promoted for about 20 years for its potential, and Matawai was just starting to prosper as a small town. Even one of the Prouse family, James Prouse (the other side of Averil Jarlov's family tree) had been there in 1901 as a proponent of opening up the interior by building a railway to transport the timber down to Gisborne.
James Prouse inspects the timber near Motu, 1901
Opportunities in timber milling at Matawai
Sections selling in Matawai
MATAWAI IN THE EARLY YEARS
The railway was begun in 1900 but made slow progress toward Matawai. It reached Ormond in 1902 and Te Karaka in 1905 - the easy part of the construction across the river flats. It took until April 1913 for the rail to reach Matawai. The final 8 km of track to Motohora were not completed until November 1917. In those days, the journey from Gisborne to Matawai would take about 4 hours - the trip down from Matawai took only 3 hours. Two trains up and two trains down the line were usual for many years.
Description of the railway line
Description of Matawai and the railway
When Axel and Eva arrived, there were at least three sawmills operating, and several more planned. Axel took on work almost immediately, taking over a timber contract associated with Sloan's Sawmill in October 1914. The association with Sloan's Sawmill was to continue for most of the 15 years living in the area.
A feature of Axel's first few years of employment was his involvement in various court cases relating to timber. He was, variously, a witness in several cases and a plaintiff in at least one. These sort of disputes seem to have been fairly common with the times and the place - Matawai was a bit of the frontier of the country back then, and there were lots of fast and loose business transactions. Axel's sometime employer Frank Sloan appears in a number of these legal actions, with Axel sometimes seeming to support him but other times appearing on the 'other side'.
Axel appears in a court case relating to timber sales
More about that court case
Outcome of the case
Another court case
Axel as the plaintiff in a case
Axel wins but award is reduced for various reasons
OLIVER ANDERSEN JARLOV
When Evelyn was about 2 1/2 years old, and Rita just a bit over 1 year old, Axel and Eva had their third child, a boy this time. Oliver Andersen Jarlov was born in Matawai on 23 January 1915. His short life would have been marked by the eventual cause of his death - a "congenital dilatation of the colon". Oliver would have been named for Axel's younger brother Holger, who Anglicised his name to Oliver when he came to New Zealand a few years after Axel. They had spent their first few years in the country together in the Dannevirke area.
Oliver's birth certificate
During that six months of baby Oliver's life, however, there was at least one significant event that involved travel. Axel's brother Holger/Oliver married Ellen ("Nellie") Moran on 22 May 1915. It appears that Axel and Eva returned to Dannevirke for the wedding. On 25 May 1915, two people named Jarlov left Napier for Gisborne on a boat - it seems reasonable to believe this was Axel and Eva returning home.
Arrivals into Gisborne
Young Oliver's short life ended on 4 August 1915, after a one week stay is what appears to be a small private hospital/maternity house in Gisborne. He was buried that same day at the Hauhaupiko (Makaraka) Cemetery. No marking was placed on the grave, and it remains unmarked to this day, though it can be easily located.
Oliver's death certificate
Map of Makaraka Cemetery - Oliver buried on western boundary (Section E)
Oliver's plot - map oriented with north to the top
THE YEARS FOLLOWING
Axel and Eva's life in Motuhora continued through the next decade, a combination of social activities and more children. Axel played the piano for many social events, and he also acted as the secretary pro tem of the Labor Party in Matawai.
Axel speaks in the the local hall at a farewell
Axel as secretary pro tem for the Labor Party
Jarlov plays some 'excellent' music
More 'excellent' music in the local hall
Axel speaks for the Gisborne timber workers union
Ivan Charles Christian Jarlov was born 9 June 1916, followed by Albert John Andersen Jarlov on 27 February 1918. "Christian" was Holger's middle name. "Albert John" was a brother of Eva. They were followed by Lindsay Axel Jarlov (born 8 September 1919) and, finally, Flora who was born 21 September 1921. The family was now complete - 3 girls and 3 boys, and young Oliver who had died.
Albert's birth certificate
The defining element of the next few years was the failure of the railway to ever get pushed past Motuhora. The intention was that it would eventually go over the ranges and down toward Opotiki, connecting to Taneatua and eventually all the way to Auckland. It never happened, leaving Motuhora as the end of the rail, and consigning the potential of the area to something that "might have been".
The 1920s saw the family well-established into the life in Motohora/Matawai. With hard work, Axel and Eva developed the family's position, while the quantity of bush to fell diminished. By the late 1920s, sawmills in the area started to shut, and it was time for the family to make another major move.
Jarlov family in the 1920s
THE MOVE TO THE ROTORUA AREA
Though not certain, it seems the Jarlov's followed the Tunnicliffe family to the Rotorua area in August 1929, continuing the work of both families in the sawmilling industry.
CHRONOLOGY OF THESE YEARS
16 Oct 1883 - Axel born in Nystead, Denmark.
6 May 1885 - Holger born in Herritslev (Lolland), Denmark
15 Dec 1890 - Eva is born.
14 Aug 1894 - Ellen Moran is born
13 Feb 1905 - Axel registers for emigration, bound for Sydney
12 Apr 1905 - Axel enters N.Z.
30 Nov 1908 - Holger registers to emigrate, bound for Wellington
16 Feb 1909 - Holger leaves Hobart on the Athenic bound for Wellington.
20 Feb 1909 - Holger arrives in Wellington
1909 - Holger holds 2 dairy farm sections near Matamau.
31 Dec 1910 - Axel and Holger both apply for naturalisation.
1911 - Axel on electoral roll in Matamau as a farmer.
20 Jan 1911 - Police write in support of both Holger and Axel
24 Jan 1911 - Magistrate writes letter in support of naturalisation.
15 Feb 1911 - Magistrate approves application, forwards on.
11 Mar 1911 - Axel takes Oath of Allegiance.
20 Mar 1911 - Letters for naturalisation to be prepared
10 Apr 1911 - Letters prepared
19 Apr 1911 - Letter sent
27 Apr 1911 - Naturalisation gazetted.
11 Sep 1911 - Axel and Eva marry in Umutaoroa.
31 Aug 1912 - Evelyn is born in Matamau.
13 Nov 1912 - Holger told he hasn't been in N.Z. long enough for naturalisation.
1 Dec 1912 - Holger completes further Memorial for Naturalisation, based on his land holdings as evidence he intends to remain in N.Z.
1913 - Holger and Axel both appear in Wise's NZ Post Office Directory, both living in Matamau.
3 Jan 1913 - Holger is approved and asked to take Oath of Allegience
22 Apr 1913 - Holger takes Oath of Allegience
7 May 1913 - Holger is naturalised.
22 May 1913 - Holger's naturalisation is gazetted
30 Sep 1913 - Rita is born in Piripiri.
1914 - Axel on electoral roll in Matawai, c/- Sloan's Sawmill
14 Feb 1914 - Holger's dairy farm gets a two year postponement of rent
8 May 1914 - Holger's two dairy sections transferred to another owner
9 Jun 1914 - Axel and Eva leave Napier on the Warrimoo, bound for Gisborne. Arrive the next day. No mention of Evelyn or Rita.
2 Nov 1914 - Railway finished to Matawai.
Oct 1914 - Axel takes over timber contract referred to in a later court case.
23 Jan 1915 - Oliver is born in Matawai.
23 Mar 1915 - Axel in court as plaintiffs in the case had used some of the timber to build a house, so he was to be compensated.
3 Mar 1915 - Axel appears in a court case in defence of Frank Sloan (his sawmiller employer/contractor).
22 May 1915 - Holger and Ellen marry
25 May 1915 - Two Jarlov's on boat to Gisborne from Napier, arriving the next day - Axel and Eva returning from the wedding?
5 Aug 1915 - Oliver dies.
21 Oct 1915 - Axel testifies in court case, with reference to him having taken over the felling in October 1914.
26 Jan 1916 - Axel sues Peacocke for failure to allow him to mill the amount of timber he was able to in a contract.
2 Feb 1916 - Finding in above court case was in Axel's favour.
9 Jun 1916 - Ivan is born
13 Oct 1916 - Sylvie (Holger and Ellen's daughter) is born
29 Jan 1917 - Axel plays piano at a function in the Matawai Hall.
27 Feb 1918 - Albert is born in Gisborne
11 Apr 1918 - Axel speaks at a farewell to another local in the Matawai Hall.
1919 - Axel on electoral roll in Matawai.
20 Jan 1919 - Axel plays piano for the Red Cross Ball to raise monies for patriotic purposes
8 Sep 1919 - Lindsay is born
8 Jun 1920 - Axel's music at an event described as excellent.
24 Jun 1920 - Axel is secretary pro tem for the Matawai Branch of the Labor Party.
14 Jul 1920 - Axel says membership in the N.Z.W.U. at Matawai is at 56, with hopes to rise to 100 within a fortnight
3 Aug 1920 - Axel plays excellent music at event in the Matawai Hall
29 Sep 1920 - Axel says timber workers of Gisborne covered by the N.Z.W.U. oppose registration under the Arbitration Act
1 Dec 1920 - Axel referred to as having paid fees into the N.Z.W.U.
21 Sep 1921 - Flora is born in Gisborne.
1922 - Axel on electoral roll in Matawai.
1928 - Eva on electoral roll in Matawai.
12 Aug 1929 - Albert and Ivan starts school at Ngongotaha.
10 Sep 1929 - Lindsay starts school at Ngongotaha.
20 Dec 1929 - Lindsay, Albert and Ivan finishes school at Ngongotaha.
1931 - Axel on electoral roll in Ngongotaha as sawyer.
1931 - Holger living at 81 Constable Street, Newtown, Wellington. He is a timber yardman.
23 May 1932 - Evelyn and Rita attend a social event in Ngongotaha
22 Aug 1932 - Evelyn attended an old time dance at the Ngongotaha Hall.
7 Sep 1932 - Evelyn attended the Ngongotaha Hunt Club Dance
16 Sep 1932 - Evelyn and Rita ttended an old time dance at the Ngongotaha Hall.
4 Aug 1933 - Evelyn attended the Catholic Charity Ball presentation of debutantes
1934 - Evelyn and Cecil Young marry.
3 Apr 1934 - Albert (shown as J. Jarlov) had points in the cornet section of a band competition in Pukekohe.
1935 - Holger living at 81 Constable Street, Newtown, Wellington. He is a timber yardman.
17 Aug 1935 - Boy child for Evelyn and Cecil - is this Cecil Rex????
1935 - Axel on electoral roll in Rotoma
1938 - Axel on electoral roll in Rotoma
1938 - Holger on the Wellington South electoral roll at 81 Constable Street, as a timber yardman.
13 Apr 1940 - Rita gets engaged to Robert John Parker.
15 Mar 1941 - Flora marries Roy Nixon.
18 Jun 1941 - Albert 'attested' for service in WWII
22 Sep 1941 - Albert enters camp
12 Nov 1941 - Albert at Trentham
21 Feb 1942 - Albie born to Evelyn and Cecil.
8 Apr 1942 - Albert embarks for England for service.
Apr-Jun 1942 - Maxine Jarlov (unknown parents) born in Auckland.
18 Jul 1942 - Roy Jr born to Flora and Roy.
1943 - Holger living at 15 Kenwyn Terrace, Newtown, Wellington. He was a yardman.
1943 - Axel on electoral roll in Rotoiti.
23 Jul 1943 - Lance born to Flora and Roy
1944 - Lindsay marries Dulcie Miekleson
2 May 1944 - Albert begins forestry survey in Rotoiti.
10 Nov 1944 - Albert visiting with Holger in Wellington (Eva forwards a letter to him in Newtown).
1946 - Holger still at 15 Kenwyn Terrace. He was a yardman.
1946 - Ivan and Katherine Patterson marry.
1 Nov 1947 - Terry born to Ivan and Kath.
26 Apr 1948 - Kay born to Flora and Roy.
1949 - Rita and Patrick Farrelly marry - not for sure this year, date unknown.
9 Jan 1949 (should be 1950) - Axel applies for age benefit.
18 Jan 1950 - Confirming what was in the naturalisation application. Letter refers to a memorandum of the 9th instant, which means the same month. One of these years is not right - stamps indicate this one is right.
28 Mar 1952 - Albert marries Beryl Taylor Swift.
21 Aug 1953 - Oliver born to Albert and Beryl.
1957 - Holger now in Miramar, at 34 Darlington Road, Miramar, Wellington. He was a timber worker.
7 Sep 1958 - Holger dies.
19 May 1962 - Albert dies.
29 Oct 1969 - Sylvie (Holger's granddaughter) dies.
6 Mar 1975 - Ivan makes a will.
10 May 1989 - Ellen (Holger's wife) dies.
15 Jan 1983 - Jarlov reunion at Hamurana Springs, Rotorua.
4 Sep 1987 - Ivan dies.
9 Nov 1987 - Rita dies.
29 Apr 1997 - Lindsay dies.
5 May 1999 - Evelyn dies.
11 May 2005 - Flora dies.
17 Mar 2013 - Jarlov reunion in Rotorua.